A complete guide to Probate
What is Probate?
Probate is an Order of the Supreme Court confirming that the deceased’s Will is valid. Whether or not you need a Grant of Probate depends on the type and value of assets held by the person at the time they passed away. To find out more about whether you need a grant of probate check our article: Is a grant of probate needed?
Stage 1: Application for Probate
You should apply for probate within 6 months of the person passing away. If it is submitted later than 6 months, the court will require an explanation for the delay in the application.
Step 1: The Will
The first step is to get a copy of the deceased’s Will. If you aren’t sure where the Will is, some important places to look for the Will include:
- Their home office and personal papers;
- A law firm which your loved one used;
- The NSW Trustee & Guardian;
- Banks and financial institutions where accounts were held; and
- The Supreme Court Will deposit registry.
For more information read our article: Where to begin searching for a Will
Step 2: Your initial appointment
Once you have the death certificate and a copy of the will make an appointment to see your Solicitor. At this meeting the solicitor will run through the Client Probate checklist and the approximate cost of probate.
Step 3: Intended Application for Probate
A probate filing fee will be noted as a disbursement in the cost agreement, which you sign to proceed with the matter. We ask for this as a deposit and the money is held in trust, pending the filing of the application. The fee is based on the value of assets held by the Estate, this fee is charged by the Supreme Court of New South Wales and is based upon the gross value of the deceased person’s assets in NSW.
During this stage, we will publish a Notice of Intended Application for probate. This notice is published on the Supreme Court Online Registry website for 14 days. It allows any potential beneficiaries or other people who may want to make a claim on the deceased Estate to be aware that the person has passed away and the process for probate and asset distribution has begun.
Step 4: Collation of Assets
Your Solicitor will then send letters to:
- Asset holders and creditors, including the deceased banks, share registry, and human services to obtain the value of the asset at date of death and the asset holder forms/paperwork to be signed by the executor for release of the assets. This will also be used to calculate the gross value of the Estate and is disclosed to the court in the Inventory of Property.
- Beneficiaries of the Estate to provide them a copy of the Will, confirm their contact details, and request verification of identity so that any entitlements can be distributed once all assets have been collected.
- Your solicitor will also do a title search on InfoTrack to see if there were properties held in the deceased’s name. This will be declared in the inventory of property to the Supreme Court.
Step 5: Updated Cost Agreement
Once all the information regarding the assets of the Estate has been collated you will receive an updated cost agreement to confirm any changes to our initial estimate, the filing fee for probate as well as an updated stage 1 and 2 estimate of the cost (only if applicable following our enquiries).
Step 6: Probate Application
Your solicitor will then prepare the following documents for your probate application:
Summons for Probate:
- Executor’s Affidavit
- Inventory of assets and liabilities
- Original Death Certificate
- Original copy of the Will
Step 7: Submitting the Probate Application
When we have collected all the information necessary to prepare the probate application, we will schedule a sign-off meeting to go through all the information. Following this we will lodge the application with the Supreme Court. This is when we use the filing fee paid earlier into our trust account.
Applications can take up to 20 working days from the date of filing. These delays are due to the high number of applications received and the availability of Registrars to assess the applications.
If the Court is not satisfied with any aspects of the probate application, it will “raise a requisition” which is essentially a letter to your solicitor seeking further information before the Court will make the grant of probate.
Your Solicitor will contact you if any additional information is required to reply to the requisition. Once the replies to requisitions have been submitted to the Supreme Court it could take up to 20 working days from the receipt of additional information.
If the court is satisfied with all of the information they will grant the Sealed Probate.
Click on the Stage 2 tab above for information on the next steps: The Realisation of Assets